Heart valve replacement surgery – An introduction

Heart valve replacement surgery in India

As per observations from medical experts, heart valve replacement surgery in India has experienced a rising demand. This is because an increasing number of patients who had been seeking treatment in India, because of the costs that it entails abroad. However, one of the best advantages of the Indian market is that there are best cardiac surgeons available. They are not only trained in several technologies but also highly experienced in conducting such a complicated surgery. Besides, there are several hospitals which offer cutting edge technology, that also at very competitive prices. This had given an improvised approach to the entire process.

Overview of Heart Valve Replacement –

The heart valve replacement process is a surgery conducted in a damaged heart valve. This is then substituted with grafts or parts from the body tissues. Depending on the condition of the patient, even synthetic heart valves can be used in order to restore the even functioning of the most important organ in the body.

The entire surgery takes place under general anesthesia, and the process is continued till 4 – 5 hours approximately. Surgeries conducted in India follow two distinct processes, one in which an open heart surgery is performed. In the other approach, the patient is put on a heart-lung machine, and then the surgery is performed. In another way of approach, the surgery can be performed when the patients’ heart is still beating.

Heart valve replacements are caused due to several reasons. Certain worthy reasons which can lead towards a heart surgery is given as follows:

  • A weak heart which necessarily affects the patient in several ways. This requires an immediate surgery and valve replacement.
  • A major heart attack which can identify a major problem with the valve in the heart.

The cost of mitral valve replacement surgery in India is quite cheap and remains to be affordable by patients.

This is a special condition when the oxygenated blood flows backward into the lungs. A narrowed valve could be a major trigger and surgeries are performed in those cases. Surgeries are also performed when patients have angina arrhythmia( a special condition of a heart), which is associated with shortness of breath. In some cases, patients are identified with leaky valves which are termed as aortic regurgitation or aortic insufficiency, the condition requires valve replacements. Any kind of untreated cases can lead to heart failure.

How are valve defects formed?

Valve defects can be congenital. This has been identified as a birth defect. It can also result from a degenerative mechanism. Other causes for valve damage can be infections such as bacterial endocarditis. Valve replacement requirements can also arise from ischemic heart disease.

Types of replaced valves:

Aortic and mitral are the most commonly replaced valves. On the other hand,   pulmonary and tricuspid valves are not commonly replaced. The replaced valve can be made live tissues or synthetic material.

Please note that:

  • Tissue valve is where animal or human donor is used
  • Mechanical valve is made of durable materials
  • Mechanical valve made of durable materials


Heart Valve Replacement is a complicated surgery that requires experienced medical attention. India is gradually evolving as a hub such exclusive services due to the presence of experienced doctors. Costs of valve replacement being cheap, it becomes easily affordable.